This is a complex of beautiful arches of ashlar built in the nineteenth century. With its excellent location this is a sight not to be missed, for bird watching, seeing the urban geography of Arequipa and to get the best photographs of the Misti volcano, the giant that guards the city.
The viewpoint is near the main square of Yanahuara and the church of San Juan, an austere Baroque temple which was built in 1750.
Located 2 miles from the centre of Arequipa, Yanahuara is an attractive district of narrow streets, houses with large orchards and tasty picanterías (local restaurants).
Called the “Balcony of Arequipa” due to the fantastic views of the landscape and city that it offers, this district is well known for its numerous picanterías that cover their tables with the best stews from the local cuisine.
In the main square of Cayma you have to visit the beautiful colonial church of San Miguel Arcángel, built in 1730. Next to the church is the Casa Cural and Comedor de Bolivia where the liberator of the Americas ate in 1825.
It lies just 3 miles from downtown Arequipa.
Sabandía, located 9 kilometres from from the city, is famous for its colonial mill dating back to the seventeenth century , which used to mill grains to be distrubuted throughout the south. In this place, with its beautiful countryside, the house of the founder of Arequipa, Manuel Garci de Carbajal can be found.
With its countryside, attractive prehispanic terraces, novohispanic houses and the imposing presence of the Misti, Chachani and Pichu Pichu volcanoes, Sabandía becomes an exquisite place to visit with architectural gems of great historic significance, such as:
• Mansión del Fundador: one of the most important and traditional houses from colonial Arequipa. It was owned by Garcí Manuel de Carbajal, the founder of the “White City”. Located on the edge of a cliff, construction on this house began in the late sixteenth century. In 1785, Juan Crisóstomo de Goyeneche – then owner of the house – began a process of architectural modifications, which gave it the appearance that is has now.
• Sabandía Mill; constructed in 1785, is a magnificent building of ashlar, with solid buttresses and simple balconies which are characteristic features of Arequipeñan architecture. Its first owner was García de Vargas Machuca, who commissioned architect Francisco Flores to build it.
In its time of splendor, this mill milled large quantities of wheat, corn and barley. The huge machine was powered by water and was able to grind 800 kilos of grain in 8 hours.
For many years the mill was abandoned, but in the 1970’s it was acquired by a financial institution, who commissioned the architect Luis Felipe Calle to restore it. The work was successfully completed in 1973, after two years.
Sachaca was formed from the Yanahuaras, Chumbivilcas, Chilques and Collaguas, and was upgraded to the catagory of town on the 8th of November, 1963.
Almost at the centre of the valley and near the right bank of the river Chili, the hill of Sachaca rises from the middle of the broad plains.
Sachaca is, without doubt, one of the most characteristic districts of Arequipa. There is no other place in the city like Sachaca, as it is built on a hill, showing the respect that the ancestors always had for the countryside – a source of survival beyond its charm and beauty.
There is also a mansion erected in typical Arequipeñan style by the family Goyeneche, known as the Goyeneche Palace.