The city of Arequipa is the 2nd largest city in Peru and of major importance in the south zone of the country. It is the capital of the province of Arequipa (department of Arequipa) and is commonly known as ¨The White City¨ for numerous and magnificent temple constructions, convents, homes and palaces using white stone. This white rock is originally of volcanic origin and is intricately sculpted. It is a picturesque place that combines the beauty of the green countryside with the overwhelming presence of volcanoes and snow covered mountains. It has an excellent climate with almost 300 days of sun per year and a defining blue sky.
In addition the city offers exquisite cuisine, beautiful countryside with lovely spots for camping, majestic volcanoes in the Colca Valley, and exciting outdoor challenges and adventures in the Colca Canon. There are many natural reserves and lovely warmth to the city where tourists can enjoy and share the delights.
The city is surrounded by three volcanoes: El Misti (5,822), el Chachani (6,075m) and the Pichu Pichu (5,664m).
It constitutes the main cornerstone of economic development thanks to its multiple resources, and to its projects of irrigation that mainly favor land and cattle ranches, the milk industry, wool, leather and weavings of alpaca and vicuna.
It has a cozy hotel infrastructure, numerous aerial connections along with train stops from Cusco and Puno.
A BRIEF HISTORY
The city was founded the 15 of August of 1540 by Garci Manuel de Carvajal. It is located off the left shore of the Chili River, seated on a narrow valley with fertile lands and an oasis that forms on the barren earth that dominates the region.
It was the birthplace of many distinguished men such as: Jose Vizcardo Guzmán, Mariano Melgar, Nicolas de Pierola, Victor Belaunde, Mario Vargas Llosa were witnesses to innumerable heroic actions after national freedom was executed. Arequipa is one of the regions with greater protagonism in the history of Peru. The earth was blessed by the splendid geography and inviting cities. It is the surprising valley of the Colca, with its colonial platforms and churches along with snow-covered mountains that lock up old mysteries of the land. One example is that of the Mummy Juanita and the birth of the Amazon River in the canon of the Cotahuasi which is the deepest in the world. It is also important not to forget Misti volcano which is an astounding sight at 5 822 meters high.
It is named the "White City" by the color of its buildings constructed with stone (made from ash-gray volcanic rock) which came from the Chachani volcano. It was an important battle in the fight for independence for the country in the 19th century. Important figures during this time were Juan Pablo Vizcardo and Guzmán, author of the Letter to the American Spaniards; Francisco Javier of Pizarro Moon, President of the First Constituent Congress in 1822, and poet Mariano Melgar who was sadly shot in Humachiri.